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(高中英语)浙江高三年级上学期综合测试浙江省

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一、单项填空
详细信息
1. 难度:简单

It took ______ building supplies to construct these energy-saving houses. It took brains, too.

A. other than       B. more than            C. rather than      D. less than

 

详细信息
2. 难度:简单

China has been pushing the reform of public hospitals _______ all its citizens.   

A. in charge of                  B. for the purpose of

C. in honor of          D. for the benefit of

 

详细信息
3. 难度:简单

The written record of our conversation doesn’t ________ what was actually said. There are a lot of mistakes.

A. correspond with        B. relate to          C. look into                         D. refer to

 

详细信息
4. 难度:简单

Don’t touch your eyes, nose and mouth, because they aren’t covered by skin and can _______ the virus more easily.

A.take up           B.pick up           C.make up          D.set up

 

详细信息
5. 难度:简单

We had a really bad time about six months ago but now things are ____.

A.looking up         B.coming up         C.making up         D.turning up

 

详细信息
6. 难度:简单

 While we are busy living our dreams, our children are busy growing up, the people we love are moving away and dying, our bodies are getting _________, and our dreams are slipping away.

A.out of date                            B.out of control

C.out of touch                           D.out of shape

 

详细信息
7. 难度:简单

---How often do you visit your father in the village?    

---I feel ashamed.Just__________.

A.often

B.by accident

C.once in a while

D.all of a sudden

 

详细信息
8. 难度:中等

Bears_____ fat stores throughout the summer and fall to have energy enough to last them through their winter sleep.

A.pack up           B.build up           C.bring up          D.take up

 

详细信息
9. 难度:中等

It will be a big help if you go to the store and get what we need for dinner._____, I’ll set the table.

A.As a result         B.On the whole       C.In the meanwhile    D.As a matter of fact

 

详细信息
10. 难度:中等

A good listener takes part in the conversation,____ ideas and raising questions to keep the talk flowing.

A.realizing          B.copying           C.offering           D.misunderstanding

 

详细信息
11. 难度:中等

When the group discussion is nearing its end, make sure to ____it with important points.

A.conclude          B.lead              C.avoid             D.hold

 

详细信息
12. 难度:中等

As the world’s population continues to grow, the ___of food becomes more and more of a concern.

A.worth            B.supply            C.package           D.list

 

详细信息
13. 难度:中等

Miss Green often said “God helps those who help themselves”, intending to _______ on us the significance of being independent.

A. base                        B. impress                            C. focus                                 D. rely

 

详细信息
14. 难度:中等

The U.S. government on Wednesday _______ former Commerce Secretary Gary Locke as ambassador to China, making him the first Chinese-American ever to take the post.

A. accumulated                   B. reflected                       C. distinguished                   D. appointed

 

详细信息
15. 难度:中等

We did have a quarrel about money last night, but now we have already _____.

A. taken up        B. made up    C. put up             D. brought up

 

详细信息
16. 难度:中等

Your daughter ____ to be a famous musician, so you should keep her practicing the piano.

A. promises          B. agrees          C. expects           D. pretends

 

详细信息
17. 难度:中等

In this section, we will briefly describe possible ways of reducing the costs and risks ______ in doing this.

A.involving          B.involved          C.to involve         D.being involved

 

详细信息
18. 难度:中等

The money spent on healthcare for people aged over 60 ________ 41 percent of the total spent last year in China.

A.took in           B.took up           C.took over         D.took after

 

详细信息
19. 难度:中等

The football match, originally due to be held last Sunday, was finally _______ because of the bad weather.

A.broken off         B.called off          C.set off            D.worn off

 

详细信息
20. 难度:中等

 Steve wanted to play a trick          Tom, but gave himself          by laughing.

A.on; over          B.with; away         C.with; on           D.on; away

 

二、完型填空
详细信息
21. 难度:中等

Last spring, I was fortunate to be chosen to participate in an exchange study program. In my application letter, I was careful to   21  how much I wanted to see France; evidently, my excitement really came through in my words. Once I   22   that I was going, all I could think about was the fun of foreign travel and making all sorts of new and   23  friends. While traveling was inspiring and meeting people was   24  , nothing about my term in France was what I   25 .       

The moment I arrived in Paris, I was   26  by a nice French couple who would become my host parents. My entire experience was joyous and exciting  27  I received some shocking news from my program coordinator(协调人): there had been a death in my host parents’ extended family. They had to travel outside France for several weeks. That afternoon, I had to   28  out of one family’s house into another. The exchange coordinator told me I’d have a   29  this time and asked whether I could share a bedroom with an English speaker. To avoid the temptation(诱惑) to   30 my native language, I asked not to be   31  with an English-speaking roommate. When I got to my new room, I   32  myself to my new roommate Paolo, a Brazilian(巴西人) the same age as I, whom I was surprised to find playing one of my favorite CDS! In just a few hours, we knew we’d be good friends for the rest of the   33  .      

I left France with many   34  , so when people asked me what my favorite part of the trip was, they are always   35  to hear me talk about my Brazilian friend Paolo and scores of weekdays in class, weeknights on the town, and weekends   36  France we enjoyed together. I love how people   37  seem so different, but end up being so   38  . The most valuable lesson I gained from studying in France wasn’t just to respect the friend people   39  to respect all people, for your next best friend could be just a continent away. I would recommend an exchange program to anyone who wants to experience foreign cultures and gain meaningful  40  .   

1.                A.discuss         B.express         C.announce D.argue

 

2.                A.approved       B.knew           C.warned   D.denied

 

3.                A.stubborn       B.anxious         C.universal  D.interesting

 

4.                A.boring         B.upsetting        C.exciting   D.promising

 

5.                A.expected       B.liked           C.doubted  D.feared

 

6.                A.sponsored      B.witnessed       C.greeted  D.supported

 

7.                A.until           B.when           C.since D.while

 

8.                A.move          B.travel          C.walk D.rush

 

9.                A.housekeeper    B.leader          C.roommate D.colleague

 

10.               A.learn          B.appreciate      C.speak D.master

 

11.               A.combined       B.fitted          C.involved   D.placed

 

12.               A.added         B.introduced      C.devoted   D.adapted

 

13.               A.term           B.week          C.month D.vocation

 

14.               A.presents        B.suitcase        C.stories    D.dreams

 

15.               A.surprised       B.disturbed       C.embarrassed   D.concerned

 

16.               A.analyzing       B.exploring       C.describing D.investigating

 

17.               A.need          B.shall           C.must  D.can

 

18.               A.generous       B.independent     C.similar D.distant

 

19.               A.and           B.but            C.or    D.so

 

20.               A.instructions     B.friendships      C.facts  D.data

 

 

三、阅读理解
详细信息
22. 难度:中等

 

   The term “multitasking” originally referred to a computer’s ability to carry out several tasks at one time. For many people, multitasking has become a way of life and even a key to success. In fact, some excellent mental aerobic exercises (大脑训练) involve engaging the brain in two or more challenging activities at a time. Although checking e-mail while talking on a phone and reading the newspaper may be second nature for some people, many times multitasking can make us less productive, rather than more. And studies show that too much multitasking can lead to increased stress, anxiety and memory loss.

   In order to multitask, the brain uses an area known as the prefrontal cortex (前额叶脑皮层). Brian scans of volunteers performing multiple tasks together show that as they shift from task to task, this front part of the brain actually takes a moment of rest between tasks. You may have experienced a prefrontal cortex “moment of rest” yourself if you’ve ever dialed (拨电话) a phone number and suddenly forgotten who you dialed when the line is answered. What probably occurred is that between the dialing and the answering, your mind shifted to anther thought or task, and then took that “moment” to come back. Research has also shown that for many volunteers, job efficiency (效率) declines while multitasking, as compared to when they perform only one task at a time.

   Multitasking is easiest when at least one of the tasks is habitual, or requires little thought. Most people don’t find it difficult to eat and read the newspaper at the same time. However, when two or more attention-requiring tasks are attempted at one time, people sometimes make mistakes.

   We often don’t remember things as well when we’re trying to manage several details at the same time. Without mental focus, we may not pay enough attention to new information coming in, so it never makes it into our memory stores. That is one of the main reasons we forget people’s names---even sometimes right after they have introduced themselves. Multitasking can also affect our relationships. If someone checks their e-mail while on the phone with a friend, they may come off as absent-minded or disinterested. It can also cause that person to miss or overlook key information being passed on to them.

1.Why are some mental aerobic exercises designed to engage people in multitasking?

    A. To make them more productive.         B. To reduce their stress and anxiety.

C. To develop their communication skills.  D. To help them perform daily tasks more easily.    

2.According to Paragraph 2, why may a person suddenly forget who has called?

 A. He may leave his prefrontal cortex temporarily damaged.

 B. He is probably interrupted by another task.

 C. He is probably not very familiar with the person he has called.

 D. He may need a rest between dialing and speaking.

3.People tend to make mistake when ____.

   A. they perform several challenging tasks at a time.

   B. new messages are processed one after another

   C. their relationships with others are affected

   D. the tasks require little thought

4.What is the main idea of the passage?

A. Multitasking has become a way of life.

B. Multitasking often leads to efficiency decline.

C. Multitasking exercises need to be improved.

D. Multitasking enables people to remember things better.

 

详细信息
23. 难度:中等

The bedroom door opened and a light went on, signaling an end to nap time.The toddle(初学走路的婴儿), sleepy-eyed, clambered to a swinging stand in his crib.He smiled, reached out to his father, and uttered what is fast becoming the cry of his generation: "iPhone!"

         Just as adults have a hard time putting down their iPhones, so the device is now the Toy of Choice for many 1-, 2- and 3-year-olds.The phenomenon is attracting the attention and concern of some childhood development specialists.

Natasha Sykes, a mother of two in Atlanta, remembers the first time her daughter, Kelsey, now 3 but then barely 2 years old, held her husband's iPhone."She pressed the button and it lit up.I just remember her eyes.It was like 'Whoa!' "The parents were charmed by their daughter's fascination.But then, said Ms.Sykes (herself a Black Berry user), "She got serious about the phone." Kelsey would ask for it.Then she'd cry for it."It was like she'd always want the phone," Ms.Sykes said.

Apple, the iPhone's designer and manufacturer, has built its success on machines so user-friendly that even technologically blinded adults can figure out how to work them, so it makes sense that sophisticated children would follow.Tap a picture on the screen and something happens.What could be more fun?

The sleepy-eyed toddler who called for the iPhone is one of hundreds of iPhone-loving toddlers whose parents are often proud of their offspring's ability to slide fat fingers across the gadget's screen and pull up photographs of their choice.

Many iPhone apps on the market are aimed directly at preschoolers, many of them labeled "educational," such as Toddler Teasers: Shapes, which asks the child to tap a circle or square or triangle; and Pocket Zoo, which streams live video of animals at zoos around the world.

Along with fears about dropping and damage, however, many parents sharing iPhones with their young ones feel guilty.They wonder whether it is indeed an educational tool, or a passive amusement like television.The American Academy of Pediatrics is continually reassessing its guidelines to address new forms of "screen time." Dr.Gwenn Schurgin O'Keeffe, a member of the academy's council, said, "We always try to throw in the latest technology, but the cellphone industry is becoming so complex that we always come back to the table and wonder- Should we have a specific guideline for them?"

Tovah P. Klein, the director of a research center for Toddler Development worries that fixation on the iPhone screen every time a child is out with parents will limit the child's ability to experience the wider world.

As with TV in earlier generations, the world is increasingly divided into those parents who do allow iPhone use and those who don't. A recent post on UrbanBaby.com, asked if anyone had found that their child was more interested in playing with their iPhone than with real toys. The Don't mothers said on the Website: "We don't let our toddler touch our iPhones ... it takes away from creative play." "Please ... just say no. It is not too hard to distract a toddler with, say ... a book."

Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, a psychology professor who specializes in early language development, sides with the Don'ts. Research shows that children learn best through activities that help them adapt to the particular situation at hand and interacting with a screen doesn't qualify, she said.

Still, Dr. Hirsh-Pasek, struck on a recent visit to New York City by how many parents were handing over their iPhones to their little children in the subway, said she understands the impulse (冲动). "This is a magical phone," she said. "I must admit I'm addicted to this phone."

1.The first paragraph in the passage intends to ______.

A.get us to know a cute sleepy-eyed child in a family

B.show us how harmful the iPhone is

C.lead us to the topic of the toddlers' iPhone-addict

D.explain how iPhone appeals to toddlers

2.According to the author, iPhones are popular with both adults and young kids because they are______.

A.easy to use                                 B.beautiful in appearance

C.cheap in price                                        D. powerful in battery volume

3.The underlined word "them" in the seventh paragraph refers to ______.

A.televisions  B.cellphones           C.iPhones          D.screens

4.The tone of the author towards parents sharing iPhones with their children is ______.

A.negative            B.subjective            C.objective          D.supportive

5.The passage mainly tells us ______.

A.children's iPhone addict is becoming a concern

B.iPhone is winning the hearts of the toddlers

C.Apple is developing more user-friendly products

D.ways to avoid children's being addicted to iPhone games

 

详细信息
24. 难度:困难

Tsunami warning system is tested

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If he, the founder of the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, were alive, Thomas Jaggar would be proud of the U.S. tsunami warning system after Friday’s devastating earthquake in Japan sent a surge (大浪,汹涌) of ocean water dashing toward the West Coast.

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● WASHINGTON — So many people surged to the West Coast and Alaska Tsunami Warning Center website that it slowed to a crawl early Friday, unable to provide critical information to the public about the coastal impact in the U.S. of a massive earthquake in Japan.

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McClatchy Washington Bureau — Mar 11 06:09 p.m.

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● CHICAGO — A tsunami warning has been issued for the central and northern California coast and Oregon, the National Weather Service announced early Friday.

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Chicago Tribune— Mar 11 06:07 a.m.

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● HONOLULU — A tsunami warning was issued late on Thursday for Hawaii after an 8.9 magnitude earthquake struck in the Pacific near Japan, prompting state civil defense officials to order all coastal areas evacuated(把…撤出…)by 2 a.m. local time. Tsunami sirens (警报) began sounding at 9:59 p.m. on Thursday. They have sounded every hour since 11:15 p.m.

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Alaska Tsunami Warning Center also issued a warning for much of the coasts of Alaska, Washington, Oregon and California.

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Reuters via Yahoo! News — Mar 11 01:22 a.m.

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● LOMPOC — Tsunami warning ‘a wake-up call’              

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A tsunami warning that led to evacuations for coastal communities and campgrounds in Santa Barbara and San Luis Obispo counties Friday served as a successful trial for a more serious emergency, officials said after the danger passed.

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The Lompoc Record — Mar 11 11:29 p.m.

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● WELLINGTON — The Pacific Tsunami Warning Centre issued a warning after an 8.9 magnitude earthquake struck in the Pacific near Japan, and it said the sea level readings confirm that a tsunami has been generated and was in effect for some Pacific islands — Hawaii, China’s Taiwan, the Philippines and Indonesia etc.

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New Straits Times — Mar 11 07:48 a.m.

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                                  — Reproduced by Yahoo Greenwich Meantime

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1..

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. A tsunami warning was issued for all the following states in the U.S. except for _____.

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    A. Ohio         B. California           C. Oregon          D. Alaska

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2..

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 The underlined word “prompting” (in the fourth paragraph) most probably means _____.

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A. promoting      B. advocating     C. urging         D. appealing

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3..

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According to the passage, the Pacific Tsunami warning was first reported by _____.

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A. New Straits Times                    B. Reuters via Yahoo! News

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    C. McClatchy Washington Bureau          D. Chicago Tribune

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4..

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In which city did the news agency issue a tsunami affecting for some other places apart from Japan and Hawaii?

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A. LOMPOC.        B. WASHINGTON.      C. HONOLULU.    D. WELLINGTON.

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详细信息
25. 难度:中等

Living in South Africa, I had always taken the wildlife pretty much for granted. Not to say that we were surrounded by it, but the accessibility of game parks and wildlife sanctuaries(避难所,庇护所) always made it seem like a natural part of the environment. For this reason, I suppose that the way my European friends used to talk to me, wasn’t so strange after all. They would ask me what I thought at the time were really silly questions which got on my nerves. They’d say things like ‘Do you have a pet baboon?’ or ‘Do you travel to school by elephant?’.

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When Amanda, a friend of mine who was visiting from England, invited me to join her and a group of friends on a wildlife expedition, I was not filled with enthusiasm. However, from the moment we entered the gates of the Zaluzi game reserve, I knew that this was not going to be anything like I had expected. We had been traveling along the National Road when, suddenly, we turned onto a dirt track which seemed to be hidden in the middle of nowhere. Amazingly, the scenery changed dramatically. The civilized environment took on a wild, chaotic(混沌的;一片混乱的) aspect and continued to do so as we walked deeper into the bush.

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After having a good night’s sleep at one of the reserve’s bungalows, we were woken at the crack of dawn. After a quick breakfast we piled into a jeep and set off. Our guide assured us that the early start was necessary in order to have the best chance of seeing what was really worthwhile. Armed with just a thermos of coffee, we set out towards the shore of a small lake where it was expected that we could see that animals that used it as their morning watering hole.

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On the way to our destination, we topped a hill and there, against the emerging morning light, were a group of animals.  It was a stunning sight. As we moved closer, the animals did not appear to be alarmed by our presence. Pet baboons aside, I had never before come within such close range of a pride of lions. It did cross my mind, however, that we might be in a certain amount of danger. When I asked Timothy, our game ranger, if we were actually in any danger, he replied straightforwardly that one is never entirely safe in the bush, but his knowledge and experience allowed him to anticipate any danger with reasonable accuracy.

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However, the following day there was some cause for alarm. Not having started out so early, we missed the sightings of the day before. We decided to drive around for a while, hoping to come across something of interest. Suddenly our tracker perched up on the back of our vehicle, signaled to the driver to halt and at the same moment I realized that this time we had stumbled right into a pride of lions. The driver promptly turned off the engine and in a low voice warned us to remain seated and not to make any abrupt movements. The lions were picking at what looked like the remains of a zebra. Timothy, later told us how much to our advantage this was. Had their bellies not been full, their reaction to us would surely have been otherwise. As the nearest lion was less than three meters away from the jeep, I considered that we had been very lucky indeed.

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All in all, it was a wonderful trip. Our near miss with the lions was without a doubt the highlight, but what it taught me yet again was how easy it is to be indifferent to our surroundings and not to have a full appreciation of the beauty around us.

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1.How did the writer feel about the questions her European friends asked?

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A. ridiculous      B. annoyed       C. strange     D. embarrassed

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2.When did the writer’s attitude change about the expedition?

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A. When she was traveling along the dirt track.

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B. When she received her invitation.

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C. When she arrived at the game reserve.

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D. When her friend arrived from England.

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3.What does the underlined word ‘It’ (in the fourth paragraph) refer to?

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A. the pride of lions     B. the destination

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C. the top of the hill     D. the morning light

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4.Timothy’s experience as a game ranger was valuable because he ______________

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A. could supply a straightforward answer to any question.

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B. knew how to frighten the animals.

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C. knew the game reserve well.

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D. could identify trouble in advance.

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5.What does the writer mean by the underlined sentence ‘we had been very lucky indeed’ in the fifth paragraph?

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A. They had seen the lions up close.    B. They hadn’t been attacked.

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C. They had a good guide with them.   D. They had gone on a trip.

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6.What conclusion does the writer of the text come to?

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A. We often do not realize how attractive our environment really is.

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B. It is not clever to unnecessarily put ourselves in dangerous situations.

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C. We don’t respect wild animals enough.

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D. We should protect our surroundings.

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四、信息匹配
详细信息
26. 难度:中等

A. Eco-tourism Creates a False Impression

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B. Merits and Demerits of Eco-tourism

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C. Doubts about Benefits of Eco-tourism

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D. Eco-tourism Leads to Romantic Destruction

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E. Eco-tourism Is Environmentally Risky

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F. No Local Benefits from Eco-tourism

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1._____________________________________

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The trend towards eco-tourism holidays, presented as sustainable, nature-based and environmentally friendly, is now subject to considerable controversy. Governments as well as the tourism industry promote eco-tourism, resulting in an estimated world-wide annual growth of 10-15%, with its claims of economic and social sensitivity. But there are well-founded concerns that it lacks adequate scientific foundations, and is not practicable as a solution to the world’s social and environmental problems.

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2._____________________________________

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Many eco-tourism claims concerning its benefits are exaggerated, or owe more to labelling and marketing than genuine sustainability. Not only are such projects repeatedly planned and carried out without local approval and support, but they often threaten local cultures, economies, and natural resource bases. Critics regard eco-tourism as an “eco-façade”---a strategy concealing the mainstream tourism industry’s consumptive and exploitative practices by “greening” it.

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3._____________________________________

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Eco-tourism may have some advantages, but one of its most serious impacts is the expropriation(征用) of` “virgin” territories---national parks, wildlife parks and other wilderness areas---which are packaged for eco-tourists as the green option. Eco-tourism is highly consumer-centered, catering mostly to urbanised societies and the new middle-class “alternative lifestyles”. Searching for untouched places “off the beaten track” of mass tourism, travellers have already opened up many new destinations.

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Mega-resorts, including luxury hotels, condominiums(公寓), shopping centres and golf course, are increasingly established in nature reserves in the name of eco-tourism. Such projects build completely artificial landscapes, tending to irretrievably(不可换回的) wipe out plant and wildlife species---even entire eco-systems.

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4._____________________________________

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Diverse local social and economic activities are replaced by an eco-tourism monoculture. Contrary to claims, local people do not necessarily benefit from eco-tourism. Tourism-related employment is greatly overrated: locals are usually left with low-paying service jobs such as tour guides, porters, and food and souvenir vendors. In addition, they are not assured of year-round employment: workers may be laid off during the off-season. Most money, as with conventional tourism, is made by foreign airlines, tourism operators, and developers who repatriate profit to their own economically more advanced countries.

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5._____________________________________

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Eco-tourism’s claim that it preserves and enhances local cultures is highly insincere. Ethnic groups are viewed as a major asset(优点) in attracting visitors; an “exotic” backdrop to natural scenery and wildlife. The simultaneous romanticism and destruction of indigenous cultures(本土文化) is one of eco- tourism’s ironies. Given a lack of success stories, and sufficient evidence of serious adverse effects, the current huge investments in eco-tourism are misplaced and irresponsible. Research, education, and information for tourists are needed, as well as the countering of eco-tourism’s demeaning of local cultures.

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五、短文改错
详细信息
27. 难度:困难

 

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1.

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    下面短文中有10处语法错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。

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增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写上该加的词。

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删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

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修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。

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注意:1每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

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          2只允许修改10处,多者(从11处起)不计分。

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例如:

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It is very nice to get your invitation to spend ∧ weekend with you. Luckily

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                                          the

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6ec8aac122bd4f6eI was completely free then, so I’ll to say “yes”. I’ll arrive in Bristol at around 8

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 am

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p.m. in Friday evening   

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    on

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In order to realize his dream, Bill Gates, richest man in the world, gave in studying in

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Harvard University, that is the most famous in the world. He set up a company and researching

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the computer software. An old saying go: “Interest is the best teacher.” I quite agree with this

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idea. I began to be crazy about English when I was a little girl. I got particular interested in

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foreign cultures or customs. To meet us curiosity, I read English stories every day. It seemed to be

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the best “meal” of a day. As for a result, I always did very well in English exam. Interest is the key

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to success.

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六、书面表达
详细信息
28. 难度:中等

 在英语课堂上,你喜欢你的老师授课时只用英语,还是英语、汉语兼用?某英语杂志社就此话题邀请中学生发表看法。请围绕“How do you prefer your English classes to be taught?In English only,or in both English and Chinese?”这个问题,参考所给要点,选择一种授课形式,写一篇英语短文。

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授课形式一:只用英语

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优点:有助于提高听说能力等……

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缺憾:不易听懂等……

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结论:……

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授课形式二:英语、汉语兼用_______

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优点:易于理解等……

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缺憾:英语氛围不浓等……

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结论:……

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注意:1.词数 100~120,短文开头已给出(不计词数)。

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.2.参考词汇:atmosphere 氛围

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I prefer my English classes to be taught in...

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