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(高中英语)重庆高三年级上学期同步练习XX章XX节练习题

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一、短文改错
详细信息
1. 难度:中等

增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在此符号下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:  1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2、只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

We spend two weeks in London last year. We went there in the autumn .We think it is the best season to visit England. The weather is usually good but there aren’t too many tourists in October.

We stayed in a small hotel in the West End .It was convenient as we did most of our traveling by foot. We went to look at the places where all tourists see. We saw Buckingham Palace and the National Gallery.

We went to shopping in Oxford Street and spent too many money .What we liked most, though, was going to theatre. We don’t have the chance to see so wonderful plays at home .A lot of people say English food is very badly. We didn’t think so. It’s true that most of the restaurants are French or Italian or Chinese, but we had some very good meal.

 

二、完型填空
详细信息
2. 难度:中等

Life became hard when I was 14. My mother and I moved to New York to 36 my father, who’d moved there to find 37 work when I was three years old. He had a job at a restaurant and only visited us 38 every couple of years.

  Before I moved, I knew that people in the US spoke English. But honestly, I didn’t stop to analyze the 39 when I was 40 to leave. Just like I assumed I could easily become a doctor or a lawyer. I assumed that I had the skills to learn English in a few weeks. 

When I 41 in the US and started 8th grade at Ditmas Middle School in Brooklyn, everyone was speaking a(n)  42  language I couldn’t understand. I  43  that life had subtitles, like in foreign movies. School was such a serious place here. Sometimes I felt like I was in a geek(呆子) class. The teachers were always  44  my moves so I couldn’t even throw a paper ball at a classmate’s head. And the worst thing was having to read 45 .

46  after almost seven months of complaining about everything, I realized that complaining didn’t change things.  47 just made my life worse. If I was going to 48   in this new concrete jungle, I had to 49 . I began to learn English by reading newspapers on my own  50  school. After about four months, I started enjoying reading the crime and sports stories. After six months of studying, my teachers 51  my improvement and moved me into a more  52  English class. I could go to the store and ask for things that I wanted to buy without 53 frustration. For the first time I felt like I was living on earth again, 54  I didn’t hear foreign talk. I 55 understand people.

1.                A.find           B.join            C.see  D.help

 

2.                A.good-looking    B.well-dressed     C.better-paying  D.highly-thought

 

3.                A.once           B.other          C.each D.only

 

4.                A.case           B.condition       C.situation  D.state

 

5.                A.packing         B.trying          C.managing D.arranging

 

6.                A.reached        B.entered        C.got  D.arrived

 

7.                A.strange         B.unusual         C.standard  D.foreign

 

8.                A.hoped         B.wished         C.expected D.demanded

 

9.                A.staring         B.looking         C.checking  D.watching

 

10.               A.texts           B.newspapers     C.English    D.poems

 

11.               A.Although       B.Even if         C.But   D.Since

 

12.               A.It             B.They           C.I D.Things

 

13.               A.live            B.study          C.survive    D.continue

 

14.               A.adapt          B.adopt          C.adore D.admire

 

15.               A.for            B.in             C.after  D.at

 

16.               A.made          B.noticed         C.concerned D.remember

 

17.               A.modern        B.advanced       C.difficult   D.convenient

 

18.               A.even          B.ever           C.some D.any

 

19.               A.if             B.though         C.ever  D.because

 

20.               A.could          B.should         C.would D.might

 

 

三、阅读理解
详细信息
3. 难度:中等

“Long time no see” is a very interesting sentence. When I first read this sentence from an American friend’s email, I laughed. I thought it was a perfect example of Chinglish.

Obviously, it is a word-by-word literal translation of the Chinese greetings with a ruled English grammar and structure! Later on, my friend told me that it is a standard American greeting. I was too thrilled to believe her. Her words could not convince me at all. So I did a research on google.com. To my surprise, there are over 60 thousand web pages containing “Long time no see.” This sentence has been widely used in emails, letters, newspapers, movies, books, or any other possible places. Though it is sort of informal, it is part of the language that Americans use daily. Ironically, if you type this phrase in Microsoft Word, the software will tell you that the grammar needs to be corrected.

Nobody knows the origin of this Chinglish sentence. Some people believe that it came from Charlie Chan’s movies. In the 1930s, Hollywood moviemakers successfully created a world wide famous Chinese detective named “Charlie Chan” on wide screens. Detective Chan likes to teach Americans some Chinese wisdom by quoting Confucius. “Long time no see” was his trademark. Soon after Charlie Chan, “Long time no see” became a popular phrase in the real world with thanks to the popularity of these movies.

Some scholars refer to America as a huge pot of stew. All kinds of culture are mixed in the stew together, and they change the color and taste of each other. American Chinese, though a minority ethnic(少数民族的成员) group in the United States, is also contributing some changes to the stew! Language is usually the first thing to be influenced in the mixed stew.

You can have some other examples than adoptions from Chinese, such as pizza from Italian, susi from Japanese, and déjà vu from French etc. There is a long list! Americans do not just simply borrow something from others. They will modify it and make it their own, so you would not be surprised to find a tofu and peanut butter hamburger in a restaurant, or to buy a bottle of iced Chinese green tea with honey in a grocery store. Since Americans appreciate Chinese culture more and more nowadays, I believe more Chinese words will become American English in the future. In this way the American stew keeps adding richness and flavor.

1.The writer himself felt surprised at ______. 

A.the Chinglish expression “Long time no see”

B.“Long time no see” used as standard American English

C.so many literal translation of the expressions used in America

D.finding out Americans use the expression every day

2.The word “stew” in the 4th paragraph probably means ______.

A.mixture literature                       B.Confucius’ words

C.a kind of cooked dish                    D.American changing cultures

3.According to the passage, it can be inferred that ______.

A.detectives translate the phrase “Long time no see”

B.Hollywood made “Long time no see”popular

C.the huge pot of stew greatly affects all kinds of languages

D.cultures can be changed in the huge pot of stew

4.The main idea of the passage is that ______.

A.some Chinese expressions are introduced into English

B.you’ll not be surprised at a tofu in a restaurant in America

C.some American expressions can be used in China

D.American English keep being enriched from different cultures

5.According to the passage, which of the following statements is not true?

A.Informal language sometimes doesn’t go with grammar and structure.

B.Languages are always ruled by grammar and structure.

C.Long time no see” has been used in at least four media mentioned in the passage.

D.There are four languages mentioned to be adopted in the American stew.

 

详细信息
4. 难度:中等

A jobless man applied for the position of “office boy” at Microsoft. The HR manager interviewed him and then watched him cleaning the floor as a test.

“You are employed,” he said. “Give me your e-mail address and I’ll send you the application to fill in, as well as date when you may start. ”The man replied, “But I don’t have a computer, neither an e-mail. ”

“I’m sorry,” said the HR manager. “If you don’t have an e-mail, that means you do not exist. And who doesn’t exist cannot have the job. ”

The man left with no hope at all. He didn’t know what to do, with only ten dollars in his pocket. He then decided to go to the supermarket and buy 10kg tomatoes. He then sold the tomatoes from door to door. In less than two hours, he succeeded to double his capital. He repeated the operation three times, and returned home happily with 60 dollars.

The man realized that he can survive in this way, and started to go every day earlier, and return late. Thus, his money doubled or tripled every day. Shortly, he bought a cart, then a truck, and then he had his own fleet of delivery vehicles. Five years later, the man is one of the biggest food retailers in the US.

He started to plan his family’s future and decided to have a life insurance. He called an insurance broker and chose a protection plan.

When the conversation was concluded the broker asked him his e-mail. The man replied, “I don’t have an e-mail. ”

The broker answered curiously, “You don’t have an e-mail, and yet have succeeded to build an empire. Can you imagine what you could have been if you had an e-mail?” The man thought for a while and replied, “Yes, I’d be an office boy at Microsoft!”

1.Why can’t the man have the job at Microsoft?

A.Because he was lazy.                     B.Because he didn’t pass the test.

C.Because he didn’t have an e-mail.          D.Because he didn’t have a computer.

2.The underlined word “triple” can be replaced by ______.

A.become large                          B.become 3 times

C.increase quickly                        D.decrease quickly

3.According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?

A.The man is one of the biggest food retailers in the world.

B.The man didn’t give up though he failed the interview.

C.He started his career by selling tomatoes in the supermarket.

D.Those who have e-mails can work at Microsoft.

4.The man can be described as _______.

A.helpful and considerate                  B.positive and generous

C.smart and hardworking                   D.stubborn and unselfish

5.Which proverb can best describe the story?

A.Misfortune may be an actual blessing.        B.Where there is a will, there is a way.

C.Accidents will happen.                   D.No pains, no gains.

 

详细信息
5. 难度:困难

The porter brings your bags to your room and helpfully explains all you want to know. Then he points to the phone and says, “If there's anything else you need, just call.” All this time you have been thinking one thing, “How much should I tip(付小费) him?” To make your next trip a little easier, here's a guide to tipping across some Asian countries.

Bangkok

In general, the more Westernized the place is, the more likely you will be expected to leave a tip. Some top-end restaurants will add a 10% service charge to the bill. If not, waiters will appreciate you tacking on(附加) the 10% yourself. However, if you're eating at a lower-end(低档的) restaurant a tip is not necessary. If you're staying at one of Bangkok's many five-star hotels, expect to tip the porter 20 to 50 baht(泰国货币单位), depending on how many bags you have. Taxis are now metered in Bangkok. Local custom is to round the fare(车费) up to the nearest five baht.

Hong Kong

Tipping is customary in this money-mad metropolis(大都市). Most restaurants add a 10% service charge to the bill, but the extra money often ends up in the pocket of the owner. If the service is good, add another 10% to the bill, up to HK $100 in an especially nice restaurant. For HK $10 hotel porters should do it at all but the nicest hotels where a new HK $20 bill may be more acceptable. When in a taxi, round up(凑整数) to the nearest dollar.

Kuala Lumpur

Tipping in Malaysia is limited to the expensive Westernized hotels, which often add a 10% service charge to your meal or hotel room. If you are at a hotel restaurant, expect a 10% service charge. But at local restaurants, there's no need to add a tip. At five-star hotels, one or two ringgit(马来西亚货币单位) will content a porter. At lower-end buildings don't feel you have to tip. Like Bangkok, many taxis are now metered so you can just round up to the nearest ringgit.

Seoul

Tipping is not part of Korean culture, although it has become a matter of course in international hotels where a 10% service charge is often added. If you're at a Korean barbecue joint(烧烤处), there's no need to add anything extra. But a nice Italian restaurant may require a 10% contribution. If you're at a top-end hotel, so expect to pay 500~1 000 won per bag. Taxi drivers don't accept a tip. Keep the change for yourself.

1.In which of the following cities is it unnecessary to tip the taxi-drivers?

A.Bangkok.          B.Hong Kong.        C.Seoul..            D.Kuala Lumpur

2.Which of the following is NOT the unit of money?

A.Baht             B.Charge.           C.Won.             D.Ringgit.

3.From the text, we can infer tipping comes from _______.

A.the west          B.Hong Kong         C.Asian countries     D.Bangkok

4.If you stay at a five-star hotel in Kuala Lumpur, how much will you pay the porter at least?

A.one ringgit.        B.10% of service charge                    C.half a ringgit.    D.two ringgit.

5.The writer seems _______.

A.to give the readers some advice on how to tip B.to tell the readers how to travel

C.to ask the readers to go on a travel to Asian cities   D.to make the trip more pleasant

 

详细信息
6. 难度:中等

Long bus rides are like television shows. They have a beginning, a middle, and an end with commercials thrown in every three or four minutes. The commercials are unavoidable. They happen whether you want them or not. Every couple of minutes a billboard glides by outside the bus window. "Buy Super Clean Toothpaste.” Drink Good Wet Root Beer.” Fill up with Pacific Gas.” Only if you sleep, which is equal to turning the television set off, are you spared the unending cry of "You Need It! Buy It Now!"

The beginning of the ride is comfortable and somewhat exciting, even if you’ve traveled that way before. Usually some things have changed new houses, new buildings, sometimes even a new road. The bus driver has a style of driving and it’s fun to try to figure it out the first hour or so. If the driver is particularly reckless (鲁莽的) or daring, the ride can be as thrilling (惊心动魄的) as a suspense story. Will the driver pass the truck in time? Will the driver move into the right or the left hand lane? After a while, of course, the excitement dies down. Sleeping for a while helps pass the middle hours of the ride. Food always makes bus rides more interesting. But you’ve got to be careful of what kind of food you eat. Too much salty food can make you very thirsty between stops.

The end of the ride is somewhat like the beginning. You know it will soon be over and there’s a kind of expectation and excitement in that. The seat of course, has become harder as the hours have passed. By now you’ve sat with your legs crossed, with your hands in your lap, with your hands on the armrests even with your hands crossed behind your head. The end comes just at no more ways to sit.

1.According to the passage, what do the passengers usually see when they are on a long bus trip?

A.Advertisements on the billboards.           B.Films on television.

C.Buses on the road.                      D.Gas stations.

2.What is the purpose of this passage?

A.To explain how bus trips and television shows differ.

B.To persuade you to take a long bus trip.

C.To give the writer’s opinion about long bus trips

D.To describe the billboards along the road.

3.The writer of this passage would probably favor         .

A.bus drivers who aren’t reckless           B.driving alone

C.no billboards along the road               D.a television set on the bus

4.The writer feels long bus rides are like TV shows because           .

A.they both have a beginning, a middle, and an end, with commercials in between

B.the commercials both on TV shows and on billboards along the road are fun

C.the drivers are always reckless on TV shows just as they are on buses

D.both traveling and watching TV are not exciting.

5.The writer thinks that the end of the ride is somewhat like the beginning because both are .

A.comfortable       B.exciting           C.tiring             D.boring

 

四、单项填空
详细信息
7. 难度:中等

My daughter, _________ all kinds of meat, would not like to eat any vegetable, which worries me a lot.

A.devoted to        B.addicted to        C.accustomed to      D.exposed to

 

详细信息
8. 难度:中等

Dear, I hope the engine will ______ until we get to the next garage.

A.hold down         B.hold out           C.hold back         D.hold up

 

详细信息
9. 难度:中等

 "People of all walks of life are welcome to ________ the hope project," said the poster.

A.subscribe to       B.correspond to      C.adjust to          D.relate to.

 

详细信息
10. 难度:中等

------What's the matter with Tim?

------Oh, Tim's cell phone was left in a taxi accidentally, never ________ again.

A.to find

B.to be found

C.finding

D.being found

 

详细信息
11. 难度:中等

------You ran into Mr. Li! How did that happen?

------Well, _______ of us was looking where we were going. We came around the corner at the same time.

A.neither

B.either

C.both

D.None

 


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